Army Base in Germany

Germany Army Bases

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Geilenkirchen AB, Germany

Overview

Guten Tag and Welcome to Geilenkirchen, Germany! Geilenkirchen is the home of the NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Airborne Early Warning Force Command's E-3A Component. NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen is located in Teveren which is four kilometers west of Geilenkirchen, adjacent to the Netherlands border. Geilenkirchen is 283 miles from Paris,France, 50 miles from Cologne (Koln), Germany and 142 miles from Amsterdam, the Netherlands. NATO AB Geilenkirchen is located 104 miles from Brussels Airport in Brussels, Belgium. (See specific directions on how to get to the base from the airport under Installation.)

PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS NOT A USAF INSTALLATION. THIS IS A NATO BASE.

The Component's mission is to provide aircraft and trained aircrews to deliver a surveillance and/or control platform wherever and whenever directed by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Airborne Early Warning Force Commander on behalf of the three major North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Commanders: the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR), Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic (SACLANT) and Commander-in-Chief, Channel (CINCHAN).

When calling commercially from the States to Geilenkirchen, dial 011-49-2451-63-XXXX. When calling from within Germany, dial 02451-63-XXXX. When calling from the States to the Netherlands, dial 011-31 and your number. There are limited DSN capabilities to Geilenkirchen. You can however contact Geilenkirchen by dialing DSN 455-3715. After hearing the dial tone, enter your extension. Listed below are the extensions that can be reached by DSN.

470 ABS/CC ......................... 255
470 ABS/CD ......................... 213
Chapel.............................. 239
Chief of Personnel.................. 222
Child Development Center............ 245
Clinic Commander.................... 251
Customer Support.................... 230
Dental Clinic....................... 248
Education Office.................... 235
Executive Officer to CC ............ 257
Family Support Center............... 242/243/244
Finance............................. 261/224/226
First Sergeant...................... 219
Flight Management................... 263/225
Housing............................. 211
Information Management.............. 264
Legal Office........................ 214/215
Post Office......................... 228
POV Registration.................... 247
Resource Management................. 223
SQ Section Commander................ 220
Transportation Management Office.... 212

The NATO Airborne Early Warning Force (NAEWF) was created in January l980. The command was granted full status as a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Headquarters by North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Defense Planning Committee on l7 October l980. It is co-located with the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), Belgium. Executive agent for the program is the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), also one of the Command's primary "customers". The remaining two are the Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (SACLANT) and the Allied Commander-in-Chief Channel (CINCHAN).

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization E-3A aircraft are flown by integrated multinational crews from 12 nations - Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey and the United States. Geilenkirchen is the E-3A Component's main operating base in addition to being NATO's only multinational operational flying unit.

Surrounded by farmland and a natural woodland preserve, the base was originally built by the British Royal Air Force after World War II. Known as RAF Geilenkirchen (or Fluctuate Teveren by the local population), the British used the facilities as a fighter installation for various RAF fighter squadrons from May l953 until January 1968.

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Hanau, Germany

Overview

Welcome to HANAU, GERMANY - land of the Grimm Brothers, linguists and masters of German Folklore! We hope you enjoy your stay! Unlike the typical tourist, you will be here long enough to sample the lifestyle and to get to know the people. Explore Germany.

Take advantage of your weekends; they will slip away faster than you think. This can be the most exciting and memorable assignment of your military career! The 104th Area Support Group (ASG) and the 414th Base Support Battalion (BSB) are located in Hanau. The peacetime mission of the 104th ASG and the 414th BSB is to provide quality of life support to the units within the ASG footprint. While many US facilities continue to close in Germany, Hanau and its outlying communities (Buedingen, Gelnhausen, and Erlensee) remain strong. The history of Hanau is both important and interesting. In the early hours of 19 March 1945, Hanau was violently woken by a massive allied air strike. Close to 85 percent of Hanau was destroyed, and it seemed the city, just 11 miles east of Frankfurt am Main, had suffered a mortal blow. Today, Hanau is a small, bustling city of approximately 90,000 people. This figure includes the populations of the smaller communities of Wolfgang, Grossauheim, Steinheim, Klein Auheim, Hohe Tanne, and Mitlebuchen as a result of a merger in 1974. Some 13,000 workers commute daily to Hanau, causing the main traffic arteries leading out of town to swell each afternoon. Although Hanau received status as a city from Albrecht I in 1093, it was not until religious refugees poured into the city in 1597 that it began to flourish. Given religious freedom by the ruling Count, these refugees, mostly Dutch and Belgian Wallons, constructed a new city and started new trades, including gold and silver-smithing. The refugees also built the Netherlands Wallon Double Church which stands today on Franzoezische Allee as a monument.

Hanau's Academy of Art was established in 1772 for the training of young people to work in the city's gold and silver trade. It is the oldest existing school of its kind in Germany. The history of the city touched that of America during our Revolutionary War. A treaty was signed in Hanau in February 1776 to hire mercenaries. This treaty provided England's King George III with the first contingent of Hessian soldiers for use against the American Colonies. During the early years of the 19th century, Hanau was occupied by Napoleon's troops and its fortifications were destroyed. In 1886, Hanau fell into Prussian hands.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Hanau's Main River Port was built. This paved the way for trade of all kinds. Despite the world wars, Hanau continued to thrive. Its gold and silver industries attracted gem and other precious metal factories. Today, the products of Heraeus, Quarzlampen Company, Dunlop Rubber, Degussa and many others are vital to the city's economic welfare. On 16 October 1991, the US military community in Hanau was redesignated as the 414th BSB in accordance with the United States Army Europe Community Command Plan. Unlike most army posts in CONUS, the Hanau military community is comprised of seventeen smaller installations or "Kasernes". Each kaserne has an interesting history of its own. Pioneer Kaserne was built under Hilter's regime between 1938 and 1939. It was occupied by the German Railroad Recruiting and Training Battalions of the 3rd German Railroad Regiment.

In 1944 and 1945 the kaserne was damaged by an allied aerial bombardment and was later attacked by artillery fire. It was reestablished by municipal construction agencies organized by the US Government. Pioneer Kaserne now houses the majority of the facilities for the support and welfare of military personnel and their family members. Fliegerhorst Kaserne was initially built for Hermann Goering's German Air Force in 1937. The construction plan provided for the project to extend over 15 years and was outlined in three phases. The project began in 1937; however, due to the outbreak of WWII, only the first phase was completed. In 1945, the US Army occupied the kaserne and utilized it as a signal depot, consisting of a maintenance division and a storage division. In 1952 the entire depot was transferred to Pirmasens; the installation was redesignated and assigned artillery, transportation, ordnance and aviation units of the 7th Army.

Fliegerhorst currently houses aviation and maintenance facilities, government housing, and support and recreation activities for service members and their families. Wolfgang Kaserne was a former WWI ammunition factory. It was upgraded between 1936 and 1938 by the former "Herresamnt" for use as an ammo depot. As a result of enormous construction, Wolfgang is currently a modern facility housing the Hanau military comunity's shopping and entertainment district. Yorkhof Kaserne was constructed between 1905 and 1911 and was first occupied by troops assigned to the German Army Post Depot. It is now the headquarters of the 104th ASG. Argonner Kaserne, named after the Argonner Forest, scene of the famous WWI battle, was constructed between 1937 and 1938 and occupied by the German Army Engineer NCO School.

Argonner now houses Medical, Dental and Veterinary Services, a guest house, government housing, and both Hanau Middle and Hanau High Schools. Buedingen also has an interesting history. Buedingen is located just 16 miles from Hanau and is part of the 414th BSB. Buedingen is nestled in the southwestern foothills of the Vogelsberg Mountains. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Franks, seeking to control trade and travel, built many forts in the area surrounded by the Taunus, Vogelsberg, and Spessart Mountains.

One of these forts was located in what is now the township of Buedingen. In the 12th century, this small, sandstone fort was replaced by a Carolingian style castle surrounded by a circular wall of stones. The castle, which became the residence of the lords of Buedingen, has been occupied ever since. In order to protect the city, one prince constructed a wall and created a moat. The wall still stands, and the old town is a beautiful example of late Gothic fortification. The Thirty Years War reduced the city's population from 1500 to 500. Today, the city has approximately 7,000 residents. Highlights from a visit to Buedingen include the Rathaus and the Widow's residence which are fine examples of 15th century architecture. There are also numerous gates, walls, and towers from the Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque periods. The military installation in Buedingen, formerly known as Krueger Kaserne, was constructed between 1935 and 1939 for the German Machine Gun Battalion 3. This unit was replaced in 1939 by an anti-tank battalion which was stationed on the post until its deployment into combat in 1944.

Following the arrival of the Americans in 1945, the kaserne was renamed Armstrong Kaserne in honor of 1st Lieutenant Armstrong. 1LT Armstrong served as an air observer for the 68th Field Artillery Battalion and was killed in action on Anzio Beach head in Italy. Armstrong Kaserne is currently home to the 1st Squadron 1st Cavalry Regiment of Dragoons.

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Mannheim, Germany

Overview

The Mannheim military community is located in southwestern Germany, approximately 100 Kilometers (Km)/60 miles south of Frankfurt and 25 Km/15 miles northwest of Heidelberg. Specific directions for arriving personnel can be found in the MUST KNOW ITEMS section.

The Army military units in the Mannheim community fall under the major command of United States Army Europe (USAREUR).

The mission of local US Army units is predominately Signal, Transportation, and Military Police support. Also the US military confinement facility for Europe is located on Coleman Barracks.

The approximate total population assigned is 15,000 which consists of: Army active duty, 4,000; Air Force active duty, 200; Army family members, 6,484; Air Force family members, 197; civilian employees and family members, 3,266 and US military retirees, 727.

Telephone access from the United States for military numbers is in the format of 011-49-621-XXX-XXXX. For example:

Military Telephone Operator/Information: DSN 380-1110/113 CIV 011-49-621-730-0/113

Sullivan/Taylor/Spinelli/Funari/Turley Barracks: DSN 380/381/385-XXXX CIV 011-49-621-730-XXXX DSN 375-XXXX CIV 011-49-621-487-XXXX

Coleman Barracks: DSN 382-XXXX CIV 011-49-621-779-XXXX

Schwetzingen: DSN 379-XXXX CIV 011-49-6202-80-XXXX

German Telephone Infomation Numbers within Germany: 11833 Numbers outside Germany: 11834

When using civilian telephones within Germany always drop the country code prefix (49) and add a '0' (number zero) prior to dialing the city/town prefixes: 0621-XXXX, 06241-XXXXXX, etc.

Telephone numbers for various units can be found in the MAJOR UNIT LISTING.

TO CONTACT THE STAFF DUTY OFFICER AT THE MANNHEIM PROVOST MARSHALL MILITARY POLICE DESK:

DSN 385-2378/3200 CIV 0621-730-2378/3200

NOTE: All civilian numbers given in this guide will be in the local German dialing format, for example: 0621-XXXX. Always remember to add the '011-49' and drop the leading '0' (zero) from the local prefix of the number if dialing from outside Germany.

The Mannheim Military Community had its original roots with the American occupational forces immediately following World War II. Since 1974, the mission has been to be the single point of control for Americans and to provide base operations support for tenant units in the assigned geographical area. The Mannheim US Military Community Activity (USMCA) was consolidated with USMCA-Worms in 1990 and was reflagged as the 293rd Base Support Battalion (BSB) of the 26th Area Support Group (ASG) in 1991. The current area of responsibility extends over 938 square miles with a total of 20 installations.

The 293rd BSB supports units from every major command in USAREUR and some units not headquartered within the Federal Republic of Germany, totalling over 15,000 residents. The six major troop billets of Sullivan Bks, Taylor Bks, Turley Bks, Spinnelli Bks, Coleman Bks and Funari Bks are located in the suburbs of Mannheim. Friedrichfeld depot is located outside the town of Schwetzingen in the direction of Heidelberg.

The major housing area is Benjamin Franklin Village (BFV) located adjacent to Sullivan and Funari Bks in Mannheim.

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Rhein-Main AB, Germany

Overview

Rhein-Main Air Base is a small base named after the confluence of the Rhine and Main (pronounced mine)rivers located to the west of Frankfurt. This small community is approximately six miles southwest of Frankfurt, in the state of Hessen. The city of Frankfurt has a population of over 630,000 but that number doubles during the workday when people commute from all over to work in the city. Frankfurt offers all the services expected from an international city. The city has over 1000 years of history. It is Goethe's birthplace, the seat of the first national assembly, and a center of trade from the very early days. Roman armies camped here. Charlamagne held an imperial Reichstag here. Thirty-six rulers were elected here. Frankfurt has always been Germany's main financial center and the headquarters of the German Federal Bank, the Bundesbank, which supervises the stability of the Deutsche mark. It is now also the financial center for the European Community, comprised of 11 countries. the Euro is the single currency of the European Community and is already being used in some transactions and can be seen on most price tags. However, the Euro will not be available to hold in one's hand until the year 2002. The city of Frankfurt is a hub of autobahn intersections and railway junctions. The Frankfurt International Airport handles more cargo than any other European airport, and is the second largest in terms of passengers. Rhein-Main Air Base has been called Gateway to Europe and it truly is.

BASE HISTORY

In 1909, Count von Zepplin used the area where Rhein-Main is now located as the landing sight for his lighter than air dirigible Z-II. Germany had planned the site for use as one of the most important European terminals in the continent. In 1936, the base opened for commercial use. In May 1940 the base was converted for military use. Luftwaffe engineers extended the single runway and erected hangers and other facilities for German military aircraft. During World War II, the Luftwaffe used the field sporadically as a fighter base and as an experimental station for jet aircraft. Allied Forces bombed the base heavily in the latter part of 1944 and the beginning of 1945.

United States forces, the 826th Engineering Aviation Battalion, arrived at Rhein-Main in April 1945 and immediately began the task of clearing rubble and reconstructing major buildings. Army engineers built new runways and extended and widened the existing runway. They also constructed new aprons and hardstands as well as taxiways leading to the new Rhein-Main passenger terminal completed in 1946. Air traffic into Rhein-Main increased in 1946 when the air terminal at Orly Field, Paris closed. Rhein-Main then hosted the Eastern Air Transport Service (EATS)in January 1947.

Officials in the Ninth Air Force intended the base for use as a bomber base, but Rhein-Main became a principal European air transport terminal from 1947-1959. Rhein-Main was the main western base for the round-the-clock Berlin Airlift, Operation VITTLES, from June 1948 to September 1949. In April 1959, USAFE turned over the northern part of the base to the German government for use as a civilian airport. The Frankfurt Airport (flughafen) became the chief commercial airport for the greater Frankfurt area. The rest of the base remained under the control of USAFE and became the principal aerial port for US Forces in Germany.

On 20 December 1993, base officials announced plans to drawdown to half the physical size and reduce the active duty force by more than two thirds. Rhein-Main was scheduled to become a contingency base and by 1 April 1995 the drawdown was complete. The remaining units support more than 2500 community members and maintain facilities for spin-up use by transient airlift aircraft. No aircraft are permanently assigned to the base. In August 1996, the 469th Air Base Squadron became the 469th Air Base Group under U.S. Air Forces in Europe.

Rhein-Main was heavily tasked during Operation Joint Endeavor during late 1995 and the earlier part of 1996. By the end of the first year as a contingency base, Rhein-Main AB supported 8 contingency operations. The base also served as the arrival and departure base for US Army troops stationed in Bosnia and provided with leave under the U.S. European Command's Rest and Recuperation program. Since then, Rhein-Main AB has been heavily tasked during numerous contingencies, most recently in Operation Allied Force.

Rhein-Main Air Base is scheduled to close by December 31st, 2005.

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Stuttgart, Germany

Overview

The 6th Area Support Group (ASG) located in Stuttgart, Germany, has a mission to provide command, control, communications and Base Operations to assigned and attached units. The largest customer of the 6th ASG is Headquarters United States European Command (EUCOM). The 6th ASG is under the responsibility of U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) and 7th Army, which is headquartered in Heidelberg.

USAREUR maintains a combat ready, forward-deployed force capable of providing immediate responses in support of NATO, U.S. unilateral, U.S. bilateral and U.S. multilateral objectives; operates and expands operational lines of communication within EUCOM and supports U.S. combatant commanders and other joint and combined commanders with forces and joint task force as required.

The goal of the 6th ASG is to make your tour in Stuttgart enjoyable and memorable. Stuttgart has been called one of the "seven most beautiful cities in the world". And, because of Stuttgart's location, you can drive or take a train to Switzerland, Austria, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Belgium, Czechoslovakia or the Netherlands and arrive within a day (see LOCAL COMMUNITY Section for more information).

DIRECTIONS FROM STUTTGART INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TO KELLY BARRACKS, ROBINSON BARRACKS AND PANZER KASERNE

Kelley Barracks - Turn left at the traffic light exiting the Stuttgart International Airport. Follow Autobahn 8, Karlsruhe, Singen, Heilbronn to Stuttgart 27. Follow 27 towards Stuttgart, exit right to S-Moehringen, S-Fasanenhof, S-Hohenheim, and Kelley Barracks. After you have exited veer into the left lane, turn left at second traffic light. Follow the sign with Plieningen, Hohenheim, Kelley Barracks, Pressehaus, Daimler Benz. About 1/2 mile, make a left at Kelley Barracks sign directing you to the area.

Panzer Kaserne - Turn right at the traffic light exiting the Stuttgart International Airport. Follow the signs for Munchen, Ulm, Esslingen, Stuttgart Ost to Autobahn 8 (blue sign, do not take Munchen, Ulm 8). Take Karlsruhe 8. Follow the sign for Karlsruhe, Singen, Heilbronn 8, (it will turn right to get on 8). Stay on Autobahn 8, until the second exit. Exit Boblingen, Singen Autobahn 81. Take the second exit - Boblingen Ost. Follow the exit around and take a left at the traffic light. Go up the hill and at the next light, take a right and the entrance to the gate is on your immediate left.

Robinson Barracks - Turn right at the traffic light exiting the Stuttgart International Airport. Follow the signs for Munchen, Ulm, Esslingen, Stuttgart Ost to Autobahn 8 (blue sign do not take Munchen, Ulm 8). Take Karlsruhe 8. Follow the sign for 8 Karlsruhe, Singen, Heilbronn. Stay on Autobahn 8, follow signs to s-Vaihingen, Stuttgart 81. Keep straight until you see the blue autobahn sign "reading Stuttgart 831". The autobahn will end in about 3-4 miles as you get into Stuttgart. As you come to a "Y" at the end, get in the left lane to make a left turn at the traffic light. The signs will point you toward the "MESSE" and there is also a sign for "U.S. Installations". Stay on priority road, keep straight until you reach Stuttgart Messe (big glass building on your left). Get in the left lane and keep straight until you see the sign that indicates Robinson Barracks. When you see the sign that says Robinson Barracks make a left. After you make the turn you will need to get into the right lane and go straight. Keep straight until you reach a large intersection, then turn get into the middle lane. At this time you will be at a traffic light (on the right, there is a tall round Bosch Tower). You will need to make a right turn and IMMEDIATELY get into the left turn lane. This intersection is called Pragsattel, which is also the subway station. At the next traffic light, make a left turn to go up the hill. The sign will say "Robert Bosch, Polizei, and Robinson Barracks". Once you take a left you will remain on the priority road and continue up the hill. Past the bus stop, take a left turn onto Roter Stichstrasse (Robert Bosch Hospital is on the right). After you pass the fenced area, take any of the streets to the right. The first right will take you to the Hilltop Hotel. If you keep going straight instead of turning left to the Hilltop Hotel, you will come to the CX and Post Housing.

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